Fruits and Vegetables That Are Safe For Dogs!
12 June, 2018
By: Lisa Fimberg
We love our fruits and vegetables to add variety to our diet, vitamins and fiber. And when you are either cooking a recipe or just snacking on an apple, can you feed your dog a piece of what you are eating? There are many fruits and vegetables that your dogs can eat safely. But, remember, that less is more and always try a new fruit or vegetables in small doses.
Every dog is different and will tolerate each fruit and vegetable differently so start with a small bite or dose and wait a day or two to see if your dog has any reaction or upset stomach.
Fruit that is safe for your dog to eat (in moderation):
1. Apples: Dogs can eat apples both red and green! Apples are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, as well as fiber for your dog. They are low in protein and fat, making them the perfect snack for senior dogs. Just be sure to remove the seeds and core first before feeding them to your pup.
2. Cantaloupe: While cantaloupe is safe for your dogs and packed with nutrients, it is high in sugar so should be given to your dogs in moderation. If your dog has any weight issues, it is best to steer away from cantaloupe and enjoy some of the other fruit choices.
3. Bananas: Dogs can eat bananas and they are great for digestion as they soft in texture and easy to swallow. Bananas are high in potassium, vitamins, biotin, fiber, and copper. They are low in cholesterol and sodium, but because of their high sugar content, bananas should be given as a treat, not part of your dog’s regular diet. You can put a slice or two on their food or just as a treat.
4. Blueberries: Blueberries are one of the better fruits for your dog. They are considered a superfood because they are high in antioxidants, which prevent cell damage in humans and dogs. They’re packed with fiber and phytochemicals as well. Teaching your dog to catch treats in the air? Try blueberries as an alternative to store-bought treats and make sure they are fresh. You can read about all the benefits of blueberries here.
5. Mangos: This sweet summer fruit is packed with multiple vitamins including vitamins A, B6, C, and E. Mangos are rich in potassium, both beta-carotene and alpha-carotene. They are not only safe but great for digestion. Always remove the hard pit first as it contains small amounts of cyanide and can become a choking hazard. Slice it up and give your dog a cube or two.
6. Oranges: Oranges are fine for dogs to eat as long as you remove the peel and seeds. They are also an excellent source of vitamin C, potassium, and fiber, and in small quantities can serve as tasty treats for your dog. They are safe but not one of the best fruits for your dogs. So always give them a slice at the most. (Grapefruit should NOT be fed to dogs).
7. Peaches: Small amounts of cut-up peaches are a great source of fiber and vitamin A, and can even ward off some infections, but make sure to avoid the seeds. As long as you completely cut around the pit first, fresh peaches can be a great snack for your dog. Make sure the peaches are fresh and not canned as they are usually in syrup and high in sugar.
8. Pineapples: Pineapple are very sweet and can be a great treat for your pup. Of course, cut out small slices and remove the outer hard coats. Pineapple is full of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. It also contains bromelain, an enzyme that makes it easier for dogs to absorb proteins. Pineapple can be high in sugar and carbohydrates so dole it out sparingly.
9. Raspberries: Raspberries, like blueberries have antioxidants that are great for dogs and are surprisingly high in fiber. They’re low in sugar and calories, have a nice amount of manganese, and vitamin C. Their anti-inflammatory properties make them great for older pets. They should be given in moderation as they contain small amounts of Xylitol, a sweetener which can be toxic to pets in large doses.
10. Strawberries: Strawberries are full of fiber and vitamin C. Along with that, they also contain an enzyme that can help whiten your dog’s teeth as he or she eats them. They are high in sugar though, so be sure to give them in moderation. Take off the stem and cut them up in small pieces to add variety to your dog’s diet!
11. Watermelon – Watermelon is almost 92% water and is great for keeping your dog hydrated. It also contains Vitamins A, C, and B-6, as well as potassium which helps maintain healthy muscle and nerve function. Always remove seeds before feeding your watermelon to your dog. Watermelon is great for the hot summer months to help hydrate your dog when they just aren’t drinking enough water.
12. Pears: Pears are a great snack because they’re high in copper, vitamins C and K, and fiber. It’s been suggested that dogs that eat pears can reduce the risk of having a stroke by 50 percent. Just be sure to cut pears into bite-size chunks and remove the pit and seeds first, as the seeds contain traces of cyanide. Who knew pears were so powerful for your over-heated dog!
Fruit that is NOT safe for dogs includes: cherries, grapes, grapefruits, grapes and raisins can cause kidney damage and are unsafe. Citrus fruits like lemons, limes, and grapefruit as well as persimmons can cause an upset stomach and grapefruits, specifically, are toxic to dogs.
Vegetables that are safe for your dogs to eat:
1. Broccoli: Broccoli is a good addition to your dogs’ diet when given in small amounts. Although broccoli is almost a super food for humans as it is high in fiber, vitamin C, broccoli contains isothiocyanates, which can cause gastric irritation in some dogs. And, of course, broccoli stalks have can cause obstruction in the esophagus when not chewed properly. A little cooked broccoli is the best way to go.
2. Brussel Sprouts: Brussels sprouts are very high in nutrients and antioxidants that are great for us and dogs, alike. Don’t overfeed them to your dog, however, because they can cause lots of gas, not unlike in humans! A few bites goes a long way!
3. Carrots: Carrots are great for a dog’s vision due to their beta-carotene. They also give your dogs a serious boost of potassium, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K. Better yet, carrots are loaded with lycopene and lutein — essential phytonutrients that may help protect eyes from free-radical damage and UVB radiation. Carrots are also great for your dog’s teeth. You can read all about the benefits of carrots!
4. Celery: Celery is very low in calorie and a great snack for dogs. Celery has a boost of vitamins including vitamins A, B, and C, and is known to promote a healthy heart and even fight cancer. Celery is also great for a dog’s breath. Of course, still feed your dog small slices, but by all means share it with your pup!
5. Cucumbers: Cucumbers are an excellent source of vitamin K, molybdenum, biotin, copper, manganese, potassium and more. ! Cucumbers also contain a compound called sterols which helps reduce cholesterol levels and are 95% water which is great for the dog who doesn’t drink enough water. You can read about all the benefits of cucumber.
6. Green beans: Great beans are great for dogs because they are also full of fiber and low in calories. Your pus can eat them chopped, steamed, raw, or even canned as long as they are plain and low salt. Green beans are full of important vitamins and minerals and they’re also full of fiber and low in calories, but green beans in sauce or spices should not be fed to your dog.
7. Peas: Green peas, such as snow peas, sugar snap peas, and garden peas are all OK for dogs. Peas have several vitamins, minerals, and are rich in protein and high in fiber. You can feed your dog fresh, frozen, or thawed peas, but do not give him canned peas, which have a lot of added sodium. And, of course, no spices or sauce!
8. Potatoes: It’s OK to give your dog plain potatoes every once and a while, but only if they’re cooked. Raw potatoes are hard on your dog’s stomach. A washed, peeled, plain boiled, or baked potato contains lots of iron for your dog. Avoid mashed potatoes because they often contain butter, milk, or seasoning.\
9. Spinach: Dogs can eat spinach in very small doses. We love that spinach is very high in fiber and iron which is excellent for humans. But, spinach is high in oxalic acid, which blocks the body’s ability to absorb calcium and can lead to kidney damage. Of course, a little spinach would not cause these issues, but there are other vegetables that might be a better fit.
10. Sweet potatoes: Sweet potatoes are packed with nutrients, including fiber, beta carotene, and vitamins B-6 and C. Just like with regular potatoes, only give your dog washed, peeled, cooked, and unseasoned sweet potatoes. Of course, avoid sugary sweet or cooked with spices or butter. Sweet potatoes are known to be easy to digest but they are high in sugar so only give them to your dog in moderation.
11. Pumpkin: Pumpkin is good for a dog that has either diarrhea or constipation. Canned pumpkin (not raw, not the sugary pie filling) is loaded with fiber and beta-carotene, which the body converts to vitamin A. As always, don’t give your dog too much pumpkin as too much A is highly toxic to dogs. A teaspoon a day for a little dog is the perfect amount.
12: Asparagus: When cut into bite size pieces, Asparagus makes a healthy veggie option for your dog because of its vitamin K, A, B1, B2, C and E, along with the folate, iron, copper, fiber, manganese and potassium that’s found in them.
Vegetables that are NOT safe for dogs are onions or garlic as they are toxic in all forms: cooked, raw, and even onion powder. Onions and garlic can cause damage to the red blood cells, ultimately causing them to burst. Rhubarb and wild mushrooms also contain toxins. Corn isn’t necessarily dangerous, but is a common allergen for dogs so try to avoid it.